SmartOS VMs, at least the ones using JPC images, run the script specified in the user-init property when first provisioned.
This script is run by an SMF service called smartdc/mdata.
This service has a rather short timeout.
As a result, if your user-script script takes too long, it will die on startup, and you won’t really know why.
The solution is to change the timeout at the start of your user-script script, like so (borrowed from this script):
if [ ! `svcprop -p start/timeout_seconds mdata:execute` -eq 1800 ] then svccfg -s mdata:execute setprop 'start/timeout_seconds = count: (1800)' svcadm -v refresh mdata:execute fi